Katerina Fotopoulou

KaterinaDartmouth copy_smallAikaterini (Katerina) Fotopoulou, Reader, studied cognitive neuropsychology and theoretical psychoanalysis at UCL before completing her PhD in cognitive neuroscience at the University of Durham, UK. She is currently a Reader at the Psychoanalysis Unit, Psychology and Language Sciences Division, University College London and a research affiliate at the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience at the same university. There she researches body feelings, sensorimotor signals and related body representations in healthy individuals and in patients with neurological and psychiatric disorders of body unawareness.

Her research at Katlab is funded by Volkswagen Foundation (Germany), HDRF (US), ISAN (Israel) and more recently a Starting Investigator Grant from the European Research Council. Current research projects focus on the psychological and neural mechanisms by which our interoceptive body feelings, as well as multimodal representations of the body, are influenced by internalised social expectations, on-line interactions with other people and by neuropeptides known to enhance social feelings. These studies point to unique neural mechanisms by which our bodies are interpersonally ‘mentalised’ and perceived to form the basis of our selves.

Katerina is the founder of the International Association for the Study of Affective Touch (IASAT) and the Secretary of the International Neuropsychoanalysis Society.  She is the editor of the volume: Fotopoulou, A. Conway, M.A. Pfaff, D. From the Couch to the Lab: Trends in Psychodynamic Neuroscience. Oxford University Press, 2012.

In 2016, Katerina was awarded the prestigious Early Career Award of the International Neuropsychology Society recognizing her substantive independent contribution to research in the area of brain-behavior relationships in the first 10 years post completion of training. Preiously she has also received the Distinguished Young Scientist Award (2014), by the World Economic Forum and The Elizabeth Warrington Prize (2011), the Early Career Award of the British Neuropsychological Society’s, the Clifford Yorke Prize (2006) the Early Career Award of the International Neuropsychoanalysis Society and the Papanicolaou Prize, theEarly Career Award of the Hellenic Medical Society of Britain. In 2015, postgraduate students at the Institute of Neurology at UCL awarded her the Tony Pullen Lecturer of the Year Prize.

Katerina is currently at the last year of a 4-year Clinical Doctorate in Existential Counselling and Psychotherapeutic Psychology (due in December 2016), accredited by the British Psychological Society and the Health Professions Council and leading to eligibility for Professional Chartership.

 

Contact details

a.fotopoulou{at}ucl.ac.uk

PUBLICATIONS

In press

  • Crucianelli, L., Krahé, C., Jenkinson, P. M., & Fotopoulou, A. (in press). Interoceptive ingredients of body ownership: Affective touch and cardiac awareness in the Rubber Hand Illusion. Cortex. (link)
  • Kirsch, L. P., Krahé, C., Blom, N., Crucianelli, L., Moro, V., Jenkinson, P. M., & Fotopoulou, A. (in press). Reading the mind in the touch: Neurophysiological specificity in the communication of emotions by touch. Neuropsychologia. (link)

2017

  • von Mohr, M., Kirsch, L.P., & Fotopoulou, A. (2017) The soothing function of touch: affective touch reduces feelings of social exclusion. Scientific Reports. 7: 13516 (link)
  • Panagiotopoulou, E., Filippetti, M.L., Tsakiris, M., & Fotopoulou, A. (2017) Affective Touch Enhances Self-Face Recognition During Multisensory Integration. Scientific Reports, 7: 12883 (link)
  • Fotopoulou, A. & Tsakiris, M. (2017). Mentalising Homeostasis: The Social Origins of Interoceptive Inference: replies to commentaries. The Neuropsychoanalysis Journal, 1-26. (link)

2016

  • Ainley, V., Apps, M. A., Fotopoulou, A., & Tsakiris, M. (2016). ‘Bodily precision’: a predictive coding account of individual differences in interoceptive accuracy. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B, 371(1708), 20160003. (link)
  • Besharati, S., Forkel, S. J., Kopelman, M., Solms, M., Jenkinson, P. M., & Fotopoulou, A. (2016). Mentalizing the body: Spatial and social cognition in anosognosia for hemiplegia. Brain, 139 (3), 971-985. doi:10.1093/brain/awv390 (link)
  • Crucianelli, L., Cardi, V., Treasure, J., Jenkinson, P. M., & Fotopoulou, A. (2016). The perception of affective touch in anorexia nervosa. Psychiatry Research, 239, 72-78. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2016.01.078
  • Demartini, B., Ricciardi, L., Crucianelli, L., Fotopoulou, A., & Edwards, M. J. (2016). Sense of body ownership in patients affected by functional motor symptoms (conversion disorder). CONSCIOUSNESS AND COGNITION, 39, 70-76. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2015.11.005 (link)
  • Krahé, Drabek, M.M., Paloyelis, Y., & Fotopoulou, A. (2016). Affective touch and attachment style modulate pain: A laser-evoked potentials study. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371, 20160009. (link)
  • Martinaud, O., Besharati, S., Jenkinson, P. M., & Fotopoulou, A. (2016). Ownership illusions in patients with body delusions: Different neural profiles of visual capture and disownership. Cortex. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2016.09.025 (link)
  • Moro, Pernigo, S., Tsakiris, Avesani, R., Edelstyn, N. M. J., Jenkinson, & Fotopoulou, A. (2016). Motor Versus Body Awareness: Voxel-based Lesion Analysis in Anosognosia for Hemiplegia and Somatoparaphrenia Following Right Hemisphere Stroke. Cortex. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2016.07.001 (link)
  • Paloyelis, Y., Doyle, O. M., Zelaya, F. O., Maltezos, S., Williams, S. C., Fotopoulou, A., & Howard, M. A. (2016). A Spatiotemporal Profile of In Vivo Cerebral Blood Flow Changes Following Intranasal Oxytocin in Humans. Biol Psychiatry, 79 (8), 693-705. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.10.005 (link)
  • Paloyelis, Y., Krahé, C., Maltezos, S., Williams, S. C., Howard, M. A., & Fotopoulou, A. (2016). The Analgesic Effect of Oxytocin in Humans: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Cross-Over Study Using Laser-Evoked Potentials. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 28 (4). doi:10.1111/jne.12347 (link)
  • Ricciardi, L., Demartini, B., Crucianelli, L., Krahe, C., Edwards, M. J., & Fotopoulou, A. (2016). Interoceptive awareness in patients with functional neurological symptoms. BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 113, 68-74. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.10.009 (link)

2015

  • Fotopoulou, A. (2015). The virtual bodily self: Mentalisation of the body as revealed in anosognosia for hemiplegia. Consciousness and Cognition, 33; 500–510 (pdf).
  • Gentsch, A., Panagiotopoulou, E., & Fotopoulou, A. (2015). Active Interpersonal Touch Gives Rise to the Social Softness Illusion. Current Biology, 25(18), 2392-2397. (link).
  • Krahé, C., Paloyelis, Y., Condon, H., Jenkinson, P. M., Williams, S. C. R., & Fotopoulou, A. (2015). Attachment style moderates partner presence effects on pain: A laser-evoked potentials study. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10, 1030-1037.  (link)
  • Ricciardi, L., Demartini, B., Fotopoulou, A. & Edwards. M.J. (2015). Alexithymia in Neurological Disease: a review. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. (link).
  • Yovell, Y., Solms, M., & Fotopoulou, A. (2015). The case for neuropsychoanalysis: Why a dialogue with neuroscience is necessary but not sufficient for psychoanalysis. The International Journal of Psychoanalysis. (pdf).

2014

  • Besharati, S., Kopelman, M., Avesani, R., Moro, V., & Fotopoulou, A. (2014). Another perspective on anosognosia: Self-observation in video replay improves motor awareness. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 1-34. (link)
  • Besharati, S., Forkel, S. J., Kopelman, M., Solms, M., Jenkinson, P. M., & Fotopoulou, A. (2014). The affective modulation of motor awareness in anosognosia for hemiplegia: Behavioural and lesion evidence. Cortex61, 127-140. (pdf)
  • Cole, S. N., Fotopoulou, A., Oddy, M., & Moulin, C. J. (2014). Implausible future events in a confabulating patient with an anterior communicating artery aneurysm. Neurocase20, 208-224. (link)
  • Decety, J., & Fotopoulou, A. (2014). Why empathy has a beneficial impact on others in medicine: Unifying theories. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience8, 457. (link)
  • Hurter, S., Paloyelis, Y., Williams, A. C. D. C., & Fotopoulou, A. (2014). Partners’ empathy increases pain ratings: effects of perceived empathy and attachment style on pain report and display. The Journal of Pain15, 934-944. (link)
  • Jenkinson, P.M. & Fotopoulou, A. (2014). Understanding Babiski’s Anosognosia: 100 years later. Editorial for Special Issue. Cortex, 61, 1-4. (pdf)
  • Krahé, C., Paloyelis, Y., Sambo, C. F., & Fotopoulou, A. (2014). I like it when my partner holds my hand: development of the Responses and Attitudes to Support during Pain questionnaire (RASP). Frontiers in Psychology5, 1027. (link)
  • Moro, V., Scandola, M., Bulgarelli, C., Avesani, R., & Fotopoulou, A. (2014). Error-based training and emergent awareness in anosognosia for hemiplegia. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 1-24. (link)
  • Turnbull, O. H., Fotopoulou, A., & Solms, M. (2014). Anosognosia as motivated unawareness: The ‘defence’hypothesis revisited. Cortex61, 18-29. (link)
  • Fotopoulou, A. (2014). Time to get rid of the ‘Modular’ in neuropsychology: A unified theory of anosognosia as aberrant predictive coding. Journal of Neuropsychology8, 1-19. (link)

2013

  • Crucianelli, L., Metcalf, N. K., Fotopoulou, A. K., & Jenkinson, P. M. (2013). Bodily pleasure matters: velocity of touch modulates body ownership during the rubber hand illusion. Frontiers in Psychology4, 703. (link)
  • Edwards, M. J., Fotopoulou, A., & Pareés, I. (2013). Neurobiology of functional (psychogenic) movement disorders. Current Opinion in Neurology26, 442-447. (link)
  • Fotopoulou, A. (2013). Beyond the reward principle: Consciousness as precision seeking. Neuropsychoanalysis15, 33-38. (link)
  • Jenkinson, P. M., Haggard, P., Ferreira, N. C., & Fotopoulou, A. (2013). Body ownership and attention in the mirror: Insights from somatoparaphrenia and the rubber hand illusion. Neuropsychologia51, 1453-1462. (link)
  • Krahé, C., Springer, A., Weinman, J. A., & Fotopoulou, A. (2013). The social modulation of pain: others as predictive signals of salience–a systematic review. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience7, 386. (link)

2012

  • Ainley, V., Tajadura‐Jiménez, A., Fotopoulou, A., & Tsakiris, M. (2012). Looking into myself: Changes in interoceptive sensitivity during mirror self‐observation. Psychophysiology49, 1672-1676. (link)
  • Fotopoulou, A. (2012). Illusions and delusions in anosognosia for hemiplegia: from motor predictions to prior beliefs. Brain135, 1344-1346. (link)
  • Parees, I., Kassavetis, P., Saifee, T. A., Sadnicka, A., Bhatia, K. P., Fotopoulou, A., & Edwards, M. J. (2012). ‘Jumping to conclusions’ bias in functional movement disorders. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, jnnp-2011. (link)

2011

  • Fotopoulou A, Jenkinson PM, Tsakiris M, Haggard P, Rudd A & Kopelman M. (2011). Mirror-view reverses somatoparaphrenia: Dissociation between first- and third-person perspectives on body ownership. Neuropsychologia49, 3946-55. (link)             

2010

  • Cocchini G, Beschin N, Fotopoulou A, & Della Sala S. (2010). Explicit and implicit anosognosia for upper limb motor impairment. Neuropsychologia48,1489-94. (link)
  • Fotopoulou, A. (2010). The affective neuropsychology of confabulation and delusion. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry15, 38-63. (link)
  • Fotopoulou, A., Pernigo, S., Maeda, R., Rudd, A., & Kopelman, M. A. (2010). Implicit awareness in anosognosia for hemiplegia: unconscious interference without conscious re-representation. Brain133, 3564-3577. (link)
  • Jenkinson, P. M., & Fotopoulou, A. (2010). Motor awareness in anosognosia for hemiplegia: experiments at last!. Experimental brain research204, 295-304. (link)
  • Sambo, C. F., Howard, M., Kopelman, M., Williams, S., & Fotopoulou, A. (2010). Knowing you care: effects of perceived empathy and attachment style on pain perception. Pain151, 687-693. (link)
  • Tsakiris E, Carpenter L, Dafydd J, & Fotopoulou A. (2010) Hands only Illusion: not all objects can be experienced as part of one’s body. Experimental Brain Research, 204, 343-352. (link)

2009

  • Cocchini G, Beschin N, Cameron A, Fotopoulou A, Della Sala S. (2009). Anosognosia for motor impairment following left hemisphere damage. Neuropsychology23, 223-30. (link)
  • Fotopoulou A, Rudd A, Kopelman M. (2009). Self-observation reinstates motor awareness in anosognosia for hemiplegia. Neuropsychologia, 47, 5.1256-1260. (link)

2008

  • Fotopoulou A. (2008). False-selves in neuropsychological rehabilitation: the challenge of confabulation.  Neuropsychological Rehabilitation18, 541 – 565. (link)
  • Fotopoulou A, Conway MA, Solms M, Birchall D. & Tyrer S. (2008). Positive Emotional Biases in Confabulation: An Experimental Study. Cortex44, 764-772.
  • Fotopoulou A, Conway MA, Solms M, Kopelman M & Tyrer S. (2008). Self-serving Confabulation in Prose Recall. Neuropsychologia, 46, 1429-1441. (link)
  • Fotopoulou A, Tsakiris M & Haggard P, Rudd A & Kopelman M. (2008). The role of motor intention in motor awareness: An experimental study on anosognosia for hemiplegia, Brain, 131, 3432-42. (link)
  • Tsakiris M, & Fotopoulou A. (2008). Is my body the sum of online and offline body representations? Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 1317-20.

2007

  • Fotopoulou A, Conway MA, Birchall D, Griffiths P & Tyrer S.  (2007). Confabulation: Revising the Motivational Hypothesis. Neurocase, 13, 6-15.
  • Fotopoulou A, Conway MA, & Solms M. (2007). Confabulation: Motivated Reality Monitoring. Neuropsychologia 45, 2180-90. (link)
  • Nardone  IB, Ward R, Fotopoulou A, Turnbull, O.E. (2007) Attention and emotion in anosognosia: Evidence of implicit awareness.  Neurocase, 13, 438 – 445. (link)

2004

  • Fotopoulou A, & Conway MA (2004). Confabulations Pleasant and Unpleasant. Neuropsychoanalysis 6, 26-33. (link)
  • Fotopoulou A, Solms M & Turnbull O. (2004). Wishful Reality Distortions in Confabulation: A Case Study. Neuropsychologia, 42, 6: 727-744. (link)

Books

  • Fotopoulou A, Conway M & Pfaff D. (2012) From the Couch to the Lab: Trends in Psychodynamic NeuroscienceOxford University Press.

Book Chapters

2014

  • Besharati, S., Fotopoulou, A. & Kopelman, M. (2014). What is it like to be confabulating? In Mishara, AL, Kranjec, A., Corlett, P., Fletcher, P. Schwartz, M.A. (Eds) Phenomenological Neuropsychiatry, How Patient Experience Bridges Clinic with Clinical Neuroscience. New York, Springer.
  • Fletcher, P., & Fotopoulou, A. (in press). Abnormalities of agency. In P. Haggard & B. Eitam (Eds.), Human Agency: Functions and Mechanisms. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Gentsch, A., Crucianelli, L., Jenkinson, P., Fotopoulou, A. (under review). The Touched Self: Affective Touch and Body Awareness in Health and Disease. In H. Olausson, J. Wessberg, I. Morrison, F. McGlone (Eds.), Affective Touch and the Neurophysiology of CT Afferents. Springer.
  • Kopelman MK, Bajo A, Fotopoulou A. Confabulation. (in press). Memory deficits and neuroscientific aspects. Eds (section Editor Sergio Della Sala) in International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences Ed. James Wright.

2013

  • Besharati S, Fotopoulou A, & Kopelman MK. (2013) The Neuroscience and Phenomenology of Confabulation and Anosognosia. In (Aaron Mishara, Phil Corlett, Paul Fletcher, and Michael Schwartz, Eds) Phenomenological Neuropsychiatry: Bridging Clinic with Clinical Neuroscience”. In press.
  • Tsakiris M & Fotopoulou A. (2013). Form the fact to the sense of agency. In T. Vierkant (Ed.) Decomposing the Will. Oxford: University Press.

2012

  • Fotopoulou A. (2012). Towards Psychodynamic Neuroscience. In  A. Fotopoulou, M. Conway, & D. Pfaff. (Eds.) From the Couch to the Lab: Trends in Psychodynamic NeuroscienceOxford University Press.
  • Fotopoulou A. (2012). Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychoanalysis: Is there a Common Language? In  A. Fotopoulou, M. Conway, & D. Pfaff. (Eds.) From the Couch to the Lab: Trends in Psychodynamic Neuroscience.
  • Fotopoulou A. (2012). The history and progress of Neuropsychoanalysis. In  A. Fotopoulou, M. Conway, & D. Pfaff. From the Couch to the Lab: Trends in Psychodynamic NeuroscienceOxford University Press.

2010

  • Fotopoulou A. (2010). The Affective Neuropsychology of Confabulation and Delusion. R. Langdon & M. Turner (Eds.) Confabulation and Delusion, Macquarie Monographs in Cognitive Science, NY: Psychology Press. pp. 38-63.

2009

  • Fotopoulou A. (2009). Disentangling The Motivational Theories of Confabulation. In Histein, W. (Ed). Confabulation: Views From Neurology, Psychiatry, and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.

1999

  • Fotopoulou A. (1999). A Critical Appraisal of Client-Centred Therapy Approaches. In:  G. Potamianos (ed.), Personality Theories: A Critical Appraisal, Athens:  Ellinika Grammata, 1999, 2000, 2001.

Other Publications

  • Fotopoulou A, Jenkinson P. (2010). Unawareness of Deficit in Acute Stroke: Neuropsychological Therapy Matters. Stroke Matters, 9, p. 8-9. (link)
  • Jenkinson P, Fotopoulou A. (2010). So you think you can dance? Insights from Studies on Motor Awareness. The Psychologist, 23(10: 810-813.
  • Fotopoulou A. (2009). Review of “The Confabulating Mind: how the brain creates reality”, by Armin Schnider, Oxford University Press. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 194, 97-98.
  • Fotopoulou A. (2005). Review of William Hirstein (2005) Brain Fiction: Self-Deception and the Riddle of Confabulation. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 76, 1042.
  • Fotopoulou A. (2004). Memory & Emotions: Lessons from Confabulation. Scientific American, 7, 2 (Greek Ed).

SELECTED KEYNOTES

(of more than 70 UK and international presentations & invited lectures)

2016, London. UK. International Neuropsychology Society Mid-Year Congress. Invited Early Career Award Lecture. ‘Awareness of the Body Following Stroke; From the Bedside to the Lab and back again’

2016, Paris, France: Brain and Spine Institute, La Salpêtrière. Invited International Lecture: ‘Bodily Egocentricity and Allocentricity’ in Neurology: Anosognosia and Asomatognosia.

2016, Milano, Italy: University of Milan. Invited International Lecture on Neurophilosophy Seminars.

2016, Chicago, US. 12th Annual Congress of the International NPSA Society. Keynote Symposium.

2016, Verona, Italy. University of Verona, Psychology and Education Department: Invited Lecture.

2016, Bressanone, Italy. 35th European Workshop On Cognitive Neuropsychology: Invited Speaker at Keynote Symposium.

2016, Aegina, Greece. 4th European Summer School on Social Embodied Cognition: Invited Lecturer

2016: Invited Departmental Seminars in the following UK Universities: Bangor; City; UCL; Essex

2015 Edinburg, UK. Department of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh, Invited Special Series Lecture: Bodily Egocentricity and Allocentricity. 

2015, London, UK. Festival of the Unconscious, Freud Museum. Invited Keynote Lecture.

2015 Brussels, Belgium.  Invited ‘EU Research Testimonial’ to Cabinet of Carlos Moedas, EU Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation and the Leadership of the European Research Council.

2015 Lisbon, Portugal.  University Institute of Psychology (ISPA, the oldest school of Psychology in Portugal) Annual Meeting. Invited to give one of the three keynote lectures on ‘The Bodily Self’.

2014 Tianjin, China. World Economic Forum, Meeting of New Champions. Invited to represent the European Research Council Grantees; ‘The Bodily Self’. One of the four ERC speakers, selected out of 400 candidates.

2014 Rome, Italy. International Conference on the ‘Neuropsychology of body representation’, Invited Keynote Lecture: Inferring the self: neurological aberration of interceptive inference and social cognition.

2014 Heidelberg , Germany. International Conference of Marie Curie Network TESIS (Towards an Embodied Science of Intersubjectivity) on Enacting Culture: Embodiment, Interaction and the Development of Human Culture. Invited Keynote Lecture on Neuropsychology of Self-Awareness.

2013 New York, US. Arnold Pfeffer Center. The “body-in-relation” self: psychodynamic and neural mechanisms of joined salience. Invited Public Lecture.

SELECTED  SYMPOSIA

2016 Copenhagen, Denmark. 10th Forum of Neuroscience, Federation of European Neuroscience Societies. Presentation in accepted symposium.

2015, Manchester, UK. BIRT National Conference on Psychological Rehabilitation. Invited Symposium Presenter.

2015 Tampere, Finland: 5th Conference of the European Societies of Neuropsychology and the 12th Nordic Meeting in Neuropsychology. Presentation in accepted symposium.

2011 Merano, Italy. 1st European Neurorehabilitation Congress: ‘Anosognosia for Hemiplegia: From Treatments to Mechanisms’. Invited Main Symposium talk.

2011 York, UK: 3rd International Conference on Memory (ICOM-III). ‘Neurological Confabulation: When Memory Inhibition Fails: Invited symposium and presentation.

2010 Amsterdam, Netherlands. 3rd Meeting of the European Neuropsychological Societies. Invited talk in a symposium: ‘Theatres of the Body’.

2007 Toronto, Canada.  Memory Disorders Research Society Meeting. Symposium Organiser and Presenter: “The Recollective Experience of Confabulation”

2006 Sydney, AU. 2nd International Conference on Memory (ICOM II). Symposium Organiser and Presenter: ‘Confabulation & Delusion’

2005, Dublin, Ireland. International Neuropsychological Society and British Neuropsychological Society Joint Mid-Year Meeting. ‘Motivated Confabulations in Neurorehabilitation; From Research to Clinical Practice’.

SELECTED PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT ACTIVITIES AND MEDIA COVERAGE

Selected Interviews: BBC radio; ABC All in the Mind, National Radio (Australia); The Scientific 23; 23 questions submitted by teenagers to scientists (http://thescientific23.com) funded by the Royal Society and hosted by SJ Blakemore.

Selected Activities: The Self in the Brain, St. Paul’s School, Medical Society Lunch Lecture, 2016; Key Contributor to Wellcome Trust/BNA public event on ‘Age of Anxiety’ 2016; The Royal Holloway University’s ‘Love your Body’ Campaign of the Fashion Society Experts Debate; Royal Institution 2015: Seminar Series Leader: The Neuroscience of the Self; Royal Institution, 2015: Questioning Reality. Science curator: Affective Touch Illusions; Freud Museum: The Festival of the Unconscious, 2015 – Scientific Consultant and Presenter: Self-deception.

Selected Research Features in: The New Scientist; BBC News; BBC radio; the Guardian; the Independent; the Times; Scientific American, Prospect Magazine, BPS Research Digest, The Psychologist, British Neuroscience Association Bulletin, PopSc.com, Psychologytoday.com, in.news.yahoo.com, News-medical.net, psychcentral.com, sciencenewsline.com